Dieses Bild zeigt Zaklina Burghard

Zaklina Burghard

Frau Dr.

Institut für Materialwissenschaft
Bioinspirierte Materialien


Heisenbergstr. 3
70569 Stuttgart
Raum: 1S4


Bioinspired synthesis and characterization of nanostructured oxide based paper-like composite materials, which mimic the structural design principles of biomaterials. The focus is on development of mechanically stable materials for use as actuators, sensors and electrochemical energy storage.


  1. Kilper, S., Jahnke, T., Aulich, M., Burghard, Z., Rothenstein, D., & Bill, J. (2019). Genetically Induced In Situ-Poling for Piezo-Active Biohybrid Nanowires. Advanced Materials, 31(6), Article 6. https://doi.org/10.1002/adma.201805597
  2. Jahnke Timotheus, Kilper Stefan, Knöller Andrea, Brümmer Franz, Widenmeyer Marc, Rothenstein Dirk, Burghard Zaklina, & Bill Joachim. (2019). Bioinspired synthesis of SnO crosses as backbone in artificial sponges. Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society A: Mathematical, Physical and Engineering Sciences, 377(2150), Article 2150. https://doi.org/10.1098/rsta.2019.0130
  3. Diem, A. M., Knöller, A., Burghard, Z., & Bill, J. (2018). Free-standing nanostructured vanadium pentoxide films for metal-ion batteries. Nanoscale, 10(33), Article 33. https://doi.org/10.1039/C8NR04033H
  4. Jahnke, T., Knöller, A., Kilper, S., Rothenstein, D., Widenmeyer, M., Burghard, Z., & Bill, J. (2018). Coalescence in Hybrid Materials: The Key to High-Capacity Electrodes. ACS Applied Energy Materials, 1(12), Article 12. https://doi.org/10.1021/acsaem.8b01495
  5. Wicklein, B., Diem, A. M., Knöller, A., Cavalcante, M. S., Bergström, L., Bill, J., & Burghard, Z. (2018). Dual-Fiber Approach toward Flexible Multifunctional Hybrid Materials. Advanced Functional Materials, 28(27), Article 27. https://doi.org/10.1002/adfm.201704274
  6. Knöller, A., Kilper, S., Diem, A. M., Widenmeyer, M., Runčevski, T., Dinnebier, R. E., Bill, J., & Burghard, Z. (2018). Ultrahigh Damping Capacities in Lightweight Structural Materials. Nano Letters, 18(4), Article 4. https://doi.org/10.1021/acs.nanolett.8b00194
  7. Kilper, S., Facey, S. J., Burghard, Z., Hauer, B., Rothenstein, D., & Bill, J. (2018). Macroscopic Properties of Biomimetic Ceramics Are Governed by the Molecular Recognition at the Bioorganic-Inorganic Interface. Advanced Functional Materials, 28(10), Article 10. https://doi.org/10.1002/adfm.201705842
  8. Qawasmi, Y., Atanasova, P., Jahnke, T., Burghard, Z., Müller, A., Grassberger, L., Strey, R., Bill, J., & Sottmann, T. (2018). Synthesis of nanoporous organic/inorganic hybrid materials with adjustable pore size. Colloid and Polymer Science, 296(11), Article 11. https://doi.org/10.1007/s00396-018-4402-z
  9. Atanasova, P., Hoffmann, R. C., Stitz, N., Sanctis, S., Burghard, Z., Bill, J., Schneider, J. J., & Eiben, S. (2018). Engineered nanostructured virus/ZnO hybrid materials with dedicated functional properties. Bioinspired, Biomimetic and Nanobiomaterials, 8(1), Article 1. https://doi.org/10.1680/jbibn.18.00006
  10. Knöller, A., Lampa, C. P., Cube, F. von, Zeng, T. H., Bell, D. C., Dresselhaus, M. S., Burghard, Z., & Bill, J. (2017). Strengthening of Ceramic-based Artificial Nacre via Synergistic Interactions of 1D Vanadium Pentoxide and 2D Graphene Oxide Building Blocks. Scientific Reports, 7(1), Article 1. https://doi.org/10.1038/srep40999
  11. Picker, A., Nicoleau, L., Burghard, Z., Bill, J., Zlotnikov, I., Labbez, C., Nonat, A., & Cölfen, H. (2017). Mesocrystalline calcium silicate hydrate: A bioinspired route toward elastic concrete materials. Science Advances, 3(11), Article 11. https://doi.org/10.1126/sciadv.1701216
  12. Sun, N., Jeurgens, Lars. P. H., Burghard, Z., & Bill, J. (2017). Ionic liquid assisted fabrication of high performance SWNTs reinforced ceramic matrix nano-composites. Ceramics International, 43(2), Article 2. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ceramint.2016.11.013
  13. Blumenstein, N. J., Streb, F., Walheim, S., Schimmel, T., Burghard, Z., & Bill, J. (2017). Template-controlled piezoactivity of ZnO thin films grown via a bioinspired approach. Beilstein Journal of Nanotechnology, 8, 296--303. https://doi.org/10.3762/bjnano.8.32
  14. Knöller, A., Runčevski, T., Dinnebier, R. E., Bill, J., & Burghard, Z. (2017). Cuttlebone-like V2O5 Nanofibre Scaffolds – Advances in Structuring Cellular Solids. Scientific Reports, 7(1), Article 1. https://doi.org/10.1038/srep42951
  15. Stitz, N., Eiben, S., Atanasova, P., Domingo, N., Leineweber, A., Burghard, Z., & Bill, J. (2016). Piezoelectric Templates – New Views on Biomineralization and Biomimetics. Scientific Reports, 6(1), Article 1. https://doi.org/10.1038/srep26518
  16. Kanold, J. M., Lemloh, M.-L., Schwendt, P., Burghard, Z., Baier, J., Herbst, F., Bill, J., Marin, F., & Brümmer, F. (2015). In vivo enrichment of magnesium ions modifies sea urchin spicule properties. Bioinspired, Biomimetic and Nanobiomaterials, 4(2), Article 2. https://doi.org/10.1680/bbn.14.00023
  17. Burghard, Z., Leineweber, A., van Aken, P. A., Dufaux, T., Burghard, M., & Bill, J. (2013). Hydrogen-Bond Reinforced Vanadia Nanofiber Paper of High Stiffness. Advanced Materials, 25(17), Article 17. https://doi.org/10.1002/adma.201300135
  18. Lasko, G., Schaefer, I., Burghard, Z., Bill, J., Schmauder, S., Weber, U., & Galler, D. (2013). Derivation of the Stress-Strain Behavior of the constituents of Bio-Inspired Layered TiO2/PE-Nanocomposites by Inverse Modeling Based on FE-Simulations of Nanoindentation Test. Molecular & Cellular Biomechanics, 10(1), Article 1.
  19. Lemloh, M.-L., Burghard, Z., Forien, J.-B., Bill, J., & Bruemmer, F. (2013). Low Mg/Ca ratio alters material properties in sea urchin larvae skeleton. Bioinspired Biomimetic and Nanobiomaterials, 2(1), Article 1. https://doi.org/10.1680/bbn.12.00016
  20. Mueller, W. E. G., Schroeder, H. C., Burghard, Z., Pisignano, D., & Wang, X. (2013). Silicateins-A Novel Paradigm in Bioinorganic Chemistry: Enzymatic Synthesis of Inorganic Polymeric Silica. Chemistry-a European Journal, 19(19), Article 19. https://doi.org/10.1002/chem.201204412
  21. Lasko, G., Burghard, Z., Bill, J., Schaefer, I., Weber, U., & Schmauder, S. (2013). Simulation of Mechanical Properties of Bio-Inspired TiO2/PE Nanocomposites. Advanced Engineering Materials, 15(10), Article 10. https://doi.org/10.1002/adem.201200386
  22. Waraich, S. M., Hering, B., Burghard, Z., Bill, J., Behrens, P., & Menzel, H. (2012). Fabrication and characterization of biocompatible nacre-like structures from alpha-zirconium hydrogen phosphate hydrate and chitosan. Journal of Colloid and Interface Science, 367, 74--82. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jcis.2011.10.042
  23. Shopova-Gospodinova, D., Burghard, Z., Dufaux, T., Burghard, M., & Bill, J. (2011). Mechanical and electrical properties of polymer-derived Si-C-N ceramics reinforced by octadecylamine - Modified single-wall carbon nanotubes. Composites Science and Technology, 71(6), Article 6. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.compscitech.2011.02.013
  24. Zlotnikov, I., Gotman, I., Burghard, Z., Bill, J., & Gutmanas, E. Y. (2010). Synthesis and mechanical behavior of bioinspired ZrO2-organic nacre-like laminar nanocomposites. Colloids and Surfaces a-Physicochemical and Engineering Aspects, 361(1–3), Article 1–3. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.colsurfa.2010.03.013
  25. Santhiya, D., Burghard, Z., Greiner, C., Jeurgens, L. P. H., Subkowski, T., & Bill, J. (2010). Bioinspired Deposition of TiO2 Thin Films Induced by Hydrophobins. Langmuir, 26(9), Article 9. https://doi.org/10.1021/la9039557
  26. Burghard, Z., Zini, L., Srot, V., Bellina, P., van Aken, P. A., & Bill, J. (2009). Toughening through Nature-Adapted Nanoscale Design. Nano Letters, 9(12), Article 12. https://doi.org/10.1021/nl902324x
  27. Fernandez, L., Li, Y., Burghard, M., Burghard, Z., Gerstel, P., Bill, J., & Aldinger, F. (2009). Dispersion of Carbon Nanotubes in Polysilazanes for the Preparation of Reinforced Si-C-N Composites. SiAlONs and Non-oxides, 403, 231--234. https://doi.org/10.4028/www.scientific.net/KEM.403.231
  28. Mueller, W. E. G., Wang, X., Burghard, Z., Bill, J., Krasko, A., Boreiko, A., Schlossmacher, U., Schroeder, H. C., & Wiens, M. (2009). Bio-sintering processes in hexactinellid sponges: Fusion of bio-silica in giant basal spicules from Monorhaphis chuni. Journal of Structural Biology, 168(3), Article 3. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jsb.2009.08.003
  29. Janakiraman, N., Burghard, Z., & Aldinger, F. (2009). Fracture toughness evaluation of precursor-derived Si-C-N ceramics using the crack opening displacement approach. Journal of Non-Crystalline Solids, 355(43–44), Article 43–44. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jnoncrysol.2009.07.002
  30. Lipowsky, P., Burghard, Z., Jeurgens, L. P. H., Bill, J., & Aldinger, F. (2007). Laminates of zinc oxide and poly( amino acid) layers with enhanced mechanical performance. Nanotechnology, 18(34), Article 34. https://doi.org/10.1088/0957-4484/18/34/345707
  31. Peng, H., Salamon, D., Bill, J., Rixecker, G., Burghard, Z., Aldinger, F., & Shen, Z. (2007). Consolidating and Deforming SiC Nanoceramics Via Dynamic Grain Sliding. Advanced Engineering Materials, 9(4), Article 4. https://doi.org/10.1002/adem.200600243
  32. Burghard, Z., Tucic, A., Jeurgens, L. P. H., Hoffmann, R. C., Bill, J., & Aldinger, F. (2007). Nanomechanical properties of bioinspired organic-inorganic composite films. Advanced Materials, 19(7), Article 7. https://doi.org/10.1002/adma.200601068
  33. Burghard, Z., Schon, D., Bill, J., & Aldinger, F. (2006). Polymer-derived Si-C-N ceramics reinforced by single-wall carbon nanotubes. International Journal of Materials Research, 97(12), Article 12.
  34. Fett, T., Burghard, Z., Zimmermann, A., & Aldinger, F. (2004). Residual stresses and stress intensity factors for vickers indentation cracks in glass derived from COD measurements. Advanced Engineering Materials, 6(11), Article 11. https://doi.org/10.1002/adem.200400121
  35. Burghard, Z., Zimmermann, A., Rodel, J., Aldinger, F., & Lawn, B. R. (2004). Crack opening profiles of indentation cracks in normal and anomalous glasses. Acta Materialia, 52(2), Article 2. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.actamat.2003.09.014

Professional background

since 2006

Group leader, Faculty of Chemistry, Institute for Materials Science, Chair of Chemical Materials Synthesis, University of Stuttgart, Germany.
Teaching activities, e.g., Exercises Material Science (Master's program); Synthesis and Properties of Ceramic Materials, Materials Science Seminar (Bachlor & Masters course).

2004–2006 Postdoctoral research fellow, Max Planck Institute for Metals Research Powder Metallurgy Laboratory, Stuttgart, Germany.

Academic Career


Dr. rer. nat., Materials Science, Faculty of Chemistry, Institute for Materials Science, University of Stuttgart, Germany. Thesis: Behavior of glasses and polymer derived amorphous ceramics under contact stress.
1995–1999 Magister of Science, Materials Science, Institute for Construction Materials, Faculty of Technology and Metallurgy, University of Belgrade, Serbia. Thesis: The influence of SiC particles on the microstructure and mechanical properties of metal matrix composites.
1987–1995 Diploma, Chemical and Biochemical Engineering, Faculty of Technology and Metallurgy, University of Belgrade, Serbia. Thesis: Thermodynamic and exergy analysis of condenser with condensation in the pipes.
2017- 2020 SVG-ID:0090018, Bioinspirierte V2O5 Nanostrukturen - In Richtung hoch kapazitive Zwei-Ionen Batterien", Vector Stiftung.
2014–2017 BioMatS-16, Selbstwachsende Nanopiezoaktorik; Ein bioinspirierter Ansatz, Baden-Württemberg Stiftung (BWS).
2014–2016 BU 2713/2-1, Synthese und Bestimmung der mechanischen Eigenschaften von aufgerollten Nanokompositen als Modell von Schwammnadeln, Deutsche Forschungsgesellschaft (DFG).
2011–2012 BI 469/17, Synthesis and characterization of paper-like, nanostructured electrodes for advanced secondary batteries, DFG.
2009–2012 BI 469/15-1, Biologische Erzeugung von Oxidkeramiken; In vivo und in vitro Synthesen von Oxidkeramiken, DFG.
2008–2010 BI469/14-2, Nanomechanical characterisation of multilayered organic–inorganic composite films produced by bioinspired processing routes (zweite Projektlaufzeit), DFG.
2006–2008  AL384/37-1, Nanomechanical characterization of multilayered organic-inorganic composite films produced by bioinspired processing routes, DFG.
2005–2008  BI 469/10, Synthesis and property characterization of precursor-derived ceramics reinforced by functionalized single-wall carbon nanotubes, DFG.
2005–2008  I-810-236.10, Ti alloy scaffolds with hierarchical pore structure and tailored mechanical and osteogenic properties using monolayer coatings–immobilized biomolecules, German-Israel-Foundation (GIF). 

T. Jahnke, A. Knöller, S. Kilper, D. Rothenstein, M. Widenmeyer, Z. Burghard, J. Bill, Coalescence in Hybrid Materials: The Key to High-Capacity Electrodes, ACS APPLIED ENERGY MATERIALS, 1, 7085 (2018).

A. M. Diem, A. Knöller, Z. Burghard, J. Bill, Free-standing nanostructured vanadium pentoxide films for metal-ion batteries, NANOSCALE, 10, 15736 (2018).

B. Wicklein, A. M. Diem, A. Knöller, M. S. Cavalcante, L. Bergström, J. Bill, Z. Burghard, Dual‐F iber Approach toward Flexible Multifunctional Hybrid Materials, ADVANCED FUNCTIONAL MATERIALS, 28, 1704274 (2018).

A. Knöller, S. Kilper, A. M. Diem, M. Widenmeyer, T. Runčevski, R. E. Dinnebier, J. Bill, Z. Burghard, Ultrahigh Damping Capacities in Lightweight Structural Materials, NANO LETTERS, 18, 2519 (2018).

Z. Burghard, A. Leinweber, P. A. Van Aken, et al., Hydrogen bond reinforced vanadia nanofiber paper of high stiffness, ADVANCED MATERIALS, 25, 2468, (2013).

Z. Burghard, L. Zini, V. Srot, et al., Toughening through nature adapted nanoscale design, NANO LETTERS, 9, 4103, (2009).


Uni Stuttgart - Den Geheimnissen der Biosynthese auf die Spur kommen

American Ceramic Society - Role of hydrogen bonds in extremely flexible vanadium oxide nanofiber paper

Materials views (VCH-Wiley) - Tough and pliable: a paper-like ceramic


Medizin und Technik 03/13 - Keramik zum Falten

Architekturmagazin „Just de_tiles“ (06/13) - Keramikpapier zum Falten

Standortmagazin der Region Stuttgart - Keramik zum Knautschen


Deutschlandradio (04.06.2013) - Forschung aktuell - Keramik zum Falten

Materials Today (05.08.2013) - Podcast: Ceramic Paper

Deutschlandradio (16.07.2018) - Forschung aktuell - Tintenfische liefern Blaupause für Leichtbau-Werkstoff

2012 Z. Burghard, J. Bill, S. Deenan, Process for deposition of thin layers of metal oxides, 20120202068 (2012). Diese Patentanmeldung beinhaltet einen Prozess zur Abscheidung von Metalloxiden (z.B. Titandioxid) in Form einer dünnen Schicht auf einem Substrat, mithilfe eines Biopolymer-Templats, insbesondere eines Hydrophobins. BASF GmbH, Universität Stuttgart, Max Planck Gesellschaft.
2018 J. Spatz, A. Micoulet, M. Hackner, Z. Burghard, T. Jahnke, Pressure Induced Welding of Amorphous Metal Fibers, EP 18183945.7-1108 (2018), The invention relates to a network of metal fibers, a method for producing a network of metal fibers, an electrode containing a network of metal fibers, and a battery comprising such an electrode. Max Planck Gesellschaft, Universität Stuttgart

Master (8), Bachelor (7), Diploma (8), PhD (4).

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